Your feet are a key part of your body as they help you perform routine functions. Sadly, most people overlook the importance of caring for their feet, which raises the risks of various foot conditions. Capsulitis is one such condition that affects the ligaments surrounding the metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint, the joint at the base of your big toe.
Capsulitis causes serious discomfort and stiffness in the affected joint, and, if left untreated, can cause permanent joint damage. Therefore, it is important to understand the common risk factors of capsulitis Cordova to take measures to avoid them. Continue reading to learn more.
1. High-Impact Activities
High-impact activities like running, jumping, and other sporting activities that entail repetitive impact on the feet can place you at risk of developing capsulitis. These activities can cause wear and tear on the ligaments surrounding your MTP joint, resulting in swelling and irritation. To avoid capsulitis caused by high-impact activities, it is advisable to wear appropriate footwear that offers enough support and cushioning during high-impact activities.
2. Foot Deformities
Foot deformities like bunions, flat feet, and hammertoe can heighten the likelihood of developing capsulitis. These foot deformities alter the alignment of your foot, placing extra stress and pressure on the MTP joint. Therefore, if you spot any warning signs of these foot deformities, it is crucial to seek immediate medical attention and wear ideal footwear that could help re-distribute pressure and lessen the risk of developing this condition.
Overusing the MTP joint will also likely heighten your risk of developing capsulitis. Activities that entail repetitive stress on this joint, including walking, standing, or running, could cause generative wear and tear, which eventually causes capsulitis. To avoid overworking the MTP joint, your foot doctor may recommend taking breaks and resting your feet to allow recovery. Stretching exercises could also help reduce tension in the ligaments and muscles surrounding the joint.
Genetics is also a common risk factor for the development of capsulitis. Some individuals might be more prone to this foot condition because of their genetic composition, which causes anomalies in the ligaments surrounding the MTP joint. These anomalies sometimes make the ligaments weaker or more susceptible to irritation and inflammation. Therefore, if your parent, sibling, or another close relative has suffered capsulitis, you should also adopt preventive measures to manage your risk factors.
Being overweight or obese could also make you more susceptible to developing capsulitis. Extra body weight exerts added pressure and stress on your MTP joint, likely triggering this condition. As such, maintaining a healthy weight, exercising regularly, and being mindful of your diet could go a long way in helping reduce your risk of capsulitis.
6. Inappropriate Footwear
Wearing inappropriate footwear, such as tight-fitting shoes or high heels, could also increase your risk of developing capsulitis. While tight footwear causes compression and added pressure on the MTP joint, high heels alter your foot’s alignment, which could also irritate this joint.
To avoid capsulitis, wear shoes with adequate toe room to allow your toes to move freely. Likewise, you should wear low-heeled shoes to help distribute weight evenly across your foot.
There are numerous potential risk factors for capsulitis. If you have one or more of these risk factors, you should take measures to reduce the likelihood of this foot condition. Good footwear practices, such as avoiding wearing high heels and tight shoes are a great start.
However, if, despite these measures, you still develop capsulitis, it is important to seek immediate intervention at the first sign of discomfort or inflammation. Mild cases are treatable with anti-inflammatory medications and RICE therapy. However, your doctor may suggest surgery if your toe has already shifted.